BUCKNER – General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Sr. – Dead


General_Simon_Bolivar_Buckner_SrGeneral Simon Bolivar Buckner, last surviving lieutenant general of the confederate army, died at his home “Glen Lily,” in Hart County, near Munfordville, Thursday.Infirmities of age, which had impaired his health, though not his spirit, during the last year or more, caused his death. For days he had been unconscious. Since Sunday night his wife and only surviving child, Lieutenant Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., who was called home from his post at Fort Thomas, had been at his bedside almost constantly. They were seated at the side of the bed, while neighbors gathered about them, when death came.

Born near Munfordville

General Simon Bolivar Buckner was born on a farm near Munfordville, Hart County, Kentucky, April 1, 1823, and was therefore in the ninety first year of his age. He was the son of Hon. Aylett Hartswell and Elizabeth Ann (Moorehead) Buckner. General Buckner was graduated from West Point in 1844, and was immediately assigned as a second lieutenant in the Second United Infantry. From 1845 to 1846 he was assistant instructor in ethics at West Point and on May 9, 1846 was transferred to the Sixth United States Infantry, and he was regimental quartermaster from August 8 to December 17, 1847. On August 20, 1847, General Buckner was brevetted first lieutenant “for gallant and meritorious conduct” at the battle of Churubusco, one of the important conflicts of the Mexican war, and on September 8, 1847 was made captain in the same regiment for gallantry at the battle of Molino del Rey. For two years (1848-1850) Captain Buckner was assistant instructor in infantry tactics at West Point, and on the last day of December, 1851, he was made a first lieutenant of tactics at the academy.

Returns To Kentucky

Captain Buckner resigned from the United States Army March 26, 1858 and returned to his former home in Hart County. From 1860 to 1861 he was inspector general of Kentucky. In September, 1861, General Buckner was brevetted brigadier general in the Confederate army. From February to August, 1862, he was a prisoner of war and in the following year he was made major general. In September, 1864 General Buckner achieved his highest distinction in the service of the southern army when he was created a lieutenant general. General Buckner married Miss Delia Clairborne, of Richmond, Va., in 1886, and she survives him. The year after his marriage, General Buckner was elected Governor of Kentucky, and served for four years. General Buckner was a member of the Kentucky Constitutional Convention from Hart County, which sat at Frankfort in 1891, and which framed the fourth and present constitution of Kentucky. General Buckner’s last appearance in public life was in 1896, when he made the race on the Gold Democratic ticket for Vice President of the United States. John M. Palmer, a native of Kentucky, who had been Governor and United States Senator from Illinois, made the race for President on the ticket with General Buckner.

For the last eighteen years General Buckner has lived very quietly on his farm in Hart County, taking little part in public affairs. It was often reported that General Buckner was writing his reminiscences of public men and measures, but he died without having published that or any other book.
He was buried at Frankfort, Ky.