BUCKNER

Buckner Coat of Arms_229x290

BUCKNER FAMILY SECTION

ENGLISH ROOTS OF THE BUCKNER FAMILY

The following is taken, in part, from the book “The Buckners of Virginia and the Allied Families of Strother and Ashby”, edited by William Armstrong Crozier, 1907, pp. 3-11. It highlights some of the ancient beginnings of the Buckner Family and the intrigue of English nobility.

RICHARD BUCKNER OF CUMNOR

“In the S.W. of the County of Berkshire, and three and one half miles from the city of Oxford, nestles the quiet little village of of Cumnor. Possibly from its settlement, until the time of the Parliamentary Wars, its handful of inhabitants had pursued the “even tenour of their ways”, and then as now, when the days work was o’er, would gaze across the valley and descry in the distance, silhouetted against the evening sky, the “City of towers and spires”, which from the days of King Alfred in 879, had been noted as a seat of learning. It was this modest little hamlet that was the home of the Buckners, and from it in later years went forth the sons, some to rise to high emolument and honor in the Church of England, others to forsake husbandry for the more exciting life of barter and commerce in the Metropolis of the Old World, which finally ended in their migration to the colony of Virginia.

The founder of the family was Richard Buckner, and unfortunately we know little about him. It is evident from his will that he was a man of some considerable property, and of high standing in the community, for a son, daughter and granddaughter married into the best of the county families. The date of his birth is unknown, but it was most likely previous to 1500, as he died in 1548, at which time
he was a grandfather.”

……………… information is given about Richard’s will and descendants …………

“Having shown the descent of John and Philip from Richard Buckner of Berks, we now turn to Thomas Buckner who was a member of the “Raleigh Expedition” in 1585. He was without a doubt one of the Berkshire family of the name, but his exact identity is not quite clear. He was certainly not a son of Richard Buckner of Cumnor, as his eldest son Thomas was dead in 1587. It is possible that he may have been a nephew. In further confirmation that he was a member of the Berkshire Buckners, is the marriage of his daughter Mary Buckner to Rowland Holt of Berks. and London. The issue of this marriage was a son Thomas, doubtless named after his grandfather. Thomas Holt became recorder of Reading, Berks., and was Knighted at Windsor Castle, April 16, 1680. Sir Thomas Holt, married Susan, daughter of John Peacock, Cumnor, Berks, and the eldest son of this marriage was Sir John Holt, Knt., who became Lord Chief Justice of the King’s Bench in 1699.” ……………

“Going back to the first Richard Buckner of Cumnor, he mentions in his will his daughter Jane, or as it is written, “my doughter Johan and her two doughters.” Jane Buckner married Lawrence Barry of Ensham, County of Oxon, gent., and owner of Hampton Gay. In the Herald’s Visitation in 1574, no mention is made of the two daughters, nor are their names given in the Visitation of 1634. It is evident that the daughters died previous to 1574, but were alive in 1548 the time of their grandfather’s death. From Jane Buckner’s second son, Francis, descended her grandson, Vincent Barry, of Thame, Oxon, 1634, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Scroope of Wormesley, County of Oxon. She was a descendant of Lord Scroope of Bolton.

Scrope Coat of ArmsSir Richard Scroope (or Scrope), first Lord Scrope of Bolton, was a participant in the celebrated controversy with Sir Robert Grosvenor in 1385-90, concerning his right to bear the same arms as Scrope.

In the year 1385 an English army, under the King in person, invaded Scotland. Among the banners displayed on this occasion was that of Sir Robert Scrope, a distinguished soldier and statesman, who, besides being present at several of the greatest battles of his time, had held the office of treasurer, steward of the King’s household, and twice chancellor of England. His arms were, “azure a bend or.” To his high indignation he found in the camp a knight, Sir Robert Grosvenor, bearing the same coat. A dispute followed, when Grosvenor maintained his right; and the matter was referred to a court of chivalry, composed of the constable and marshall of England, with other nobles, knights, and learned clerks, the Duke of York and Earl of Salisbury among them. Many sittings were held; much evidence collected and heard on either side. Scrope brought forward the more numerous and distinguished array, leading off with John of Gaunt. Other deponents on his part were Le Counie de Derby, afterwards Henry IV.; The Earl of Northumberland and Sir Henry de Percy, in whom we recognize the Harry Hotspur of history and ballad; and if not most notable, most famous of all – Geffray Chaucere, esquire. At length in 1389, the Duke of Gloucester, as constable, gave sentence in favor of Scrope. The controversy became the most notable in heraldic history in regard to the right of two families to the same arms.”